Latin Name: Prunus nigra
Facts abour Canada Plum:
Deciduous Shrub/Small Tree
Height: 5 to 10m tall, Spread: 4 meters apart, Trunk: 25cm diameter
Location: Southern parts of Eastern Canada
Bark is gray-brown; branchlets are bright-green, becoming dark brown tinged with red
Flowers have five rounded petals, white fading to pale pink, and slightly fragrant
The fruit is an oblong-oval drupe, with a tough, thick, orange-red skin, maturing in later summer or early autumn.
Will give fruit at 6 years old on average
Habitat in river valleys, pasture, and along fence rows
It is also favored by many wildlife species, including birds.
Some plum trees are not self-fertile. This means that, when growing in isolation, they will not yield fruit. This problem is solved when these species are planted near a Canada plum tree, which will pollinate it. Canada plum is therefore very important in maintaining the biodiversity of the plum species.
Because plums are adaptable and hardy, they are a very popular fruit to grow in gardens, however fungal disease and rot are common and must be taken care of.
The fruit is eaten raw or cooked, and can be made into preserves and jellies.