Latin Name: Thuja occidentalis
Facts about White Cedar:
Height: 10 to 20m tall, Trunk: 0.4m diameter
Location: Southeast parts of Canada
Moisture: Prefers moist soil
Sun Exposure: Tolerates some shade
Soil: Grows in variety of soils and does not tolerate road salt
Small, hardy, slow-growing tree—usually lives for about 200 years
Found in swampy areas, where rock underneath is limestone
Cones in clumps of 5 or 6 pairs
Bark is thin and shiny when young, separating into flat, narrow strips as it grows older
Leaves are small and scaly
During the winter, white-tailed deer eat the twigs on the white cedar.
White cedar is an important tree in Ojibwe culture, where it is considered a gift to humanity due to uses including crafts, construction and medicine.
The foliage is rich in vitamin C , and considered to be a cure for scurvy.
The essential oil within the plants can be used for cleansers, disinfectants, insecticides and soaps. The twigs have been used to make teas to relieve constipation and headaches.
Northern white cedar is commonly used in construction, for fencing, posts, lumber, poles, shingles, etc. It is also used for the structural elements, such as ribs and planking, of canoes.